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Earn Money with Your English Grammar Skills

english-grammar

Eng­lish grammar

Some­times it is funny how peo­ple tend to cre­ate sen­tences with their own book of gram­mar. Know­ing the basic rules of gram­mar is essen­tial for proper fram­ing of sen­tences both, while read­ing as well as writ­ing. Being aware of all the know-how of gram­mar, one can speak flu­ent Eng­lish and write prop­erly framed sen­tences with ease.

Types of Grammar

There are two branches of grammar-descriptive and pre­scrip­tive. Both the types are used broadly in day to day life. While numer­ous lin­guists pre­fer to go with the for­mer, those who teach Eng­lish tend to go for the lat­ter. On a big­ger note, descrip­tive gram­mar accepts the gram­mar of any lan­guage the way it is. On the other hand, pre­scrip­tive gram­mar has its own strict set of rules that every part of speech shall abide by so as to be termed as gram­mat­i­cally cor­rect. It is impor­tant to have a broad knowl­edge of both the type to be able to speak and writer proper English.

Confusing words part-3

Here are some more words those con­fuses us in gen­eral usage:

  • Endemic and epi­demic: Both refer to dis­eases. If a dis­ease is endemic it is com­mon in an area of pop­u­la­tion and peo­ple are likely to be exposed to it. An endemic refers to a wide­spread dis­ease in a region.
  • Flaunt and flout: Flaunt is some­thing that is to show off and flout is to dis­re­gard some­thing out of disrespect.
  • Gourmet and gour­mand: A gourmet is an expert in the appre­ci­a­tion of the fine food, whereas gour­mand is more inter­ested in quan­tity rather than qual­ity. Gour­man­dize is to stuff food like a glutton.

How to form words?

It is very easy to learn and build the words if we know some basics in for­ma­tion of the words and how the chem­istry occurs between the words to form more other related words. There are many words in Eng­lish and they are in bil­lions so we can’t remem­ber all so we have to take some domains in which we are involved more and learn­ing the words in that domain will help us very much in our daily life and we are not try­ing for the word com­pe­ti­tions and we just want to learn words for our daily work. We may not need most of those words because if we are work­ing in the field of com­puter sci­ence then what is the need of learn­ing all the words related to biol­ogy? So let’s learn only the words that are related to our domain. But one impor­tant thing is that we should have some basic vocab­u­lary and their usage in our life as when we try to under­stand some basic con­cepts like virus, bac­te­ria because if we don’t know what is a virus or bac­te­ria is then we can’t under­stand any­thing about the dis­eases that are caused because of them. So we should try to build some basic knowl­edge about other fields also.

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Most of the time if we know the root words from which we got the words we can derive all the words based on that root word and also we can eas­ily get the mean­ing of that word. One more ben­e­fit that we get if we try to remem­ber the root words is that it reduces the prob­lem of remem­ber­ing the words.
For exam­ple if you just remem­ber the word “cide” or “caedo” is to kill. Basic on this we can con­struct so many words like
Pat­ri­cide – killing of own father (pater or patris means father),
Mat­ri­cide– killing of own mother (mater or matris means mother),
Uxoricide-killing of own wife (uxor means wife),
Soro­r­i­cide– killing of own sis­ter (soror means sis­ter),
Regi­cide– killing of king (reg means king),
Geno­cide– killing of whole race (geno means race).
Some of the words can sim­ply formed by just adding some pre­fixes and suf­fixes to the already exist­ing and the words that we know very much. By adding these suf­fices and pre­fixes we can form the adjec­tives and adverbs of the words also if they are nouns and verbs respec­tively.
For exam­ple by adding the suf­fix ‘ly’ we can get the adjec­tive form of the noun. ‘ity’ is a noun suf­fix, ‘ist’ is a per­son who does some­thing, ‘in’ for neg­a­tive pre­fix, ‘ate’ acts as verb suf­fix, ‘ion’ acts as a verb suf­fix, ‘ary’ adjec­tive suf­fix, ‘ent’ adjec­tive suf­fix etc. There are sev­eral suf­fixes and pre­fixes that we have to know and then we can form very eas­ily all the adjec­tives, nouns, verbs, adverbs from the basic root words.

Common mistakes that we do when writing spellings

It’s very com­mon that we make the mis­takes when we are writ­ing spellings as we try to write a spelling from the way we speak out. But Eng­lish is a lan­guage in which we can’t write spellings based on the way we speak. There will sev­eral silent let­ters which brings the eas­i­ness and great ele­gant along with beauty while speak­ing. When we are try­ing to write spellings based on the way we speak we may miss the silent let­ters. There are other sev­eral dif­fer­ent mis­takes that we do when we write the spellings. Let’s see some gen­eral spelling mis­takes that we do when we try to con­vert from the way we pro­nounce.
• Drop­ping a let­ter or syl­la­ble when we speak out a word.
• Adding an unnec­es­sary let­ter when we are speak­ing a word.
• Mis­pro­nounc­ing a word and writ­ing the spelling in that wrong way.

mistakes-funding

Miss­ing let­ters:
Here are some exam­ples that we fre­quently mis­spell because we drop a let­ter while we speak.
Acci­den­tally: Gen­er­ally we pro­nounce this as acci­dently and we drop one let­ter.
Anec­dote: We pro­nounce this as anec­dote. So most often there is a chance to mis­spell this word because we will not pro­nounce that let­ter.
Asked: we will pro­nounce this by elim­i­nat­ing the let­ter ‘e’.
Cat­e­gory: We pro­nounce this as cat­e­gory which mis­leads us and pos­si­ble to mis­spell the word.
There are so many words like this and these are only very few words among them.
Extra let­ters: because of the pro­nun­ci­a­tion be add extra let­ters while we speak. Here are some of the most com­mon words in which we add extra let­ters.
Ath­lete: we pro­nounce this as athalete in which we add extra let­ter ‘a’ and when we try to write we usu­ally mis­spell this word.
Per­se­ver­ance: when we write down this word we often think there might be some silent let­ter and we mis­spell it as perserver­ance.
Hin­drance: we often mis­spell this word as hin­der­ance.
The are some of the exam­ples which we often do when we try to con­vert a word in writ­ten form because we pro­nounce a word dif­fer­ently in the way we feel very easy to us. So dif­fer­ent peo­ple may pro­nounce a word dif­fer­ently and pos­si­ble chances of mak­ing mis­takes when writ­ing spelling of that word.
Trans­posed let­ters: Mis­pro­nun­ci­a­tion also cre­ates mis­spell of the words by scram­bling the let­ters. If we observer some exam­ples we can see mis­spell of the words:
E.g.: Aes­thetic, analy­sis, lin­gerie, psy­chol­ogy, gor­geous, mileage, rhyme.
Incor­rect plu­rals: We often make mis­takes while try­ing to con­vert the words into their plural forms as they are not always formed by just putting the let­ter ‘s’ at the end. There are some plural forms which are derived dif­fer­ently from all oth­ers. The only solu­tion is that we have to remem­ber the plural forms which derive dif­fer­ently from their sin­gu­lar forms. Let’s observe some exam­ples so that we can under­stand more.
We can also elim­i­nate this prob­lem by just iden­ti­fy­ing the plu­rals as reg­u­lar and irreg­u­lar. We will have trou­ble only with the irreg­u­lar plural forms which derives dif­fer­ently from their cor­re­spond­ing sin­gu­lar forms. For reg­u­lar plural forms we just have to add the let­ter ‘s’ or ‘es’ at the end of the sin­gu­lar form.
E.g. bird: birds, hat: hats, pen­cil: pen­cils etc.
In some cases we need to add ‘es’ when the words end with ‘f’ or ‘fe’ or ‘v’.
E.g. half: halves, knife: knives, leaf: leaves etc.
For some com­pound state­ments we need to add dif­fer­ently the let­ter ‘s’.
E.g. mother-in-law: mothers-in-law etc.
There are other words which have very dif­fer­ent form in plural. We can’t say how they are derived but we have to just catch those words.
E.g. child: chil­dren, foot: feet, mouse: mice etc.

One more sit­u­a­tion in which we often con­fuse and mis­spell the words is the words which we pro­nounce the same.
E.g. born-Bourne, board– bored, brake-break, bear– bare etc.

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