Archive for the ‘benefits of english’ Category

Confusing words part-2

Sup­port­ing the pre­vi­ous post i got sev­eral com­ments and i want to give more and more words which con­fuses us and makes much dif­fer­ence in usage. Here are some con­fus­ing words for fans of Eng­lish vocabulary.

businessman wearing  paper bag

  • Cre­dence and cred­i­bil­ity: Belief in or accep­tance of some­thing as true is known as cre­dence. Cred­i­bil­ity is the fea­tures that make some­thing believ­able give it credibility.
  • Cred­i­ble and cred­u­lous: Some­thing that is cred­i­ble is believ­able and not gullible. Cred­u­lous is gullible which is appar­ent to be believ­able but actu­ally not and makes eager to be believable.
  • Dep­re­cate and depre­ci­ate: if you dep­re­cate some­thing you show dis­ap­proval of it. If some­thing depre­ci­ates its value falls. If you dep­re­cate some­thing, you think lit­tle of it. Depre­ci­ate is close to that of dep­re­cate but dep­re­cate is stronger and more emo­tional involvement.
  • Exalt and exult: Exalt is to praise and rais­ing them up. To exult is to rejoice and tri­umphant elation.
  • Face­tious and fac­tious: Face­tious is using inap­pro­pri­ate humor and not silly and fac­tious is fool­ish, silly and idiotic.
  • Expe­di­ent and expe­di­tious: to expe­di­ent is to fas­ten the work and make it speedy. Expe­di­tious is quick and efficient.
  • Fac­ti­tious and fic­ti­tious: while “fac­ti­tious” means arti­fi­cially achieved, “fic­ti­tious” means invented. So a politi­cian might gen­er­ate a fac­ti­tious body of opin­ion in favor of some­thing by spread­ing rumors.
  • Equable and equi­table: An equi­table set­tle­ment is fair to both sides. Equi­table is also equal and impartial.
  • Ego­ist and ego­tist: Ego­ist is a per­son who always thinks that he should be first and only believes only in self advance­ments. Ego­tist is a per­son who always talks about his accomplishments.
  • Empa­thy and sym­pa­thy: if we have sym­pa­thy towards any­one then we will have fel­low feel­ing for them and empa­thy is the abil­ity to imag­ine our­selves in that position.

How to give an Intellectual speech?

In the pre­vi­ous post we learned about the effec­tive com­mu­ni­ca­tion by using words that are at right level of tech­ni­cal knowl­edge of the peo­ple or read­ers or audi­ence. But need to try to con­cen­trate on the intel­lec­tual needs of the audi­ence and take their per­sonal needs and emo­tional needs as indi­vid­u­als and take them into con­sid­er­a­tion for bet­ter com­mu­ni­ca­tion. If we choose the right words that are intrud­ing into their lives we can get them on our side oth­er­wise they will keep deaf and don’t lis­ten to the words that what­ever we say.

First the speech should begin with the infor­mal words like greet­ing words that are hello, good morn­ing, hi! etc. which makes an effec­tive address­ing of the peo­ple. But we have to use these words accord­ing to the level we are close to that per­son. If we are very close to that per­son then it would be bet­ter to greet him with Hi! Or oth­er­wise wish with good morn­ing or hello. This usage of greet­ing linked with two fac­tors like how well we know that per­son and per­sonal expe­ri­ence and choice. We have to be for­mal with unknown per­sons and infor­mal with those peo­ple with whom we are familiar.

speech1

We need to use the infor­mal lan­guage with the peo­ple whom you know very well but with lit­tle care. Some words are con­sid­ered unac­cept­able in good soci­ety and they are known as taboo words. The peo­ple of this group change with time. When peo­ple are embar­rassed by a sub­ject or the words needed to talk about it, they use more polite or less offen­sive words which is called as euphemism. The spe­cial infor­mal vocab­u­lary of par­tic­u­lar group is called as slang. Spe­cial use of tech­ni­cal words by a group of experts in par­tic­u­lar sub­jects is called as jar­gon. If we speak remem­ber­ing the above men­tioned groups of peo­ple in our mind them we will surely become a good communicator.

How to communicate effectively?

When­ever we speak or write we are seek­ing to com­mu­ni­cate with oth­ers or with a group of peo­ple. It is essen­tial to think care­fully about the needs and sit­u­a­tion of that peo­ple when we are select­ing the words that we are using. Oth­er­wise we need to face so many dif­fi­cul­ties. To achieve good com­mu­ni­ca­tion we need to remem­ber two things in our mind that how well can they under­stand the lan­guage and how much do they know about the subject.

A good way to under­stand clearly what is involved is to com­pare the sub­ject writ­ten for dif­fer­ent peo­ple like the sen­tences may be sim­ple and easy to under­stand and very short or the sen­tences may be long and the vocab­u­lary is more demand­ing or sen­tences may be longer and more com­plex with vocab­u­lary, dif­fi­cult gram­mar and writ­ten intel­lec­tu­ally. So the read­abil­ity depends up on the three fac­tors like length, com­plex­ity and vocab­u­lary. But gen­er­ally speak­ing and writ­ing dif­fer with many points but most of them apply to both. So these fac­tors affect the way oth­ers under­stand the lan­guage we speak.

marketing_et_communication

Effec­tive com­mu­ni­ca­tion not only means how well the audi­ence can under­stand our lan­guage but also how well they know about the sub­ject. Dif­fer­ent read­ers will have dif­fer­ent lev­els of knowl­edge to read a text. With knowl­edge comes the vocab­u­lary to express it. So if we are hav­ing so much vocab­u­lary we are sure that we can have bet­ter knowl­edge than oth­ers. It is because we will get more vocab­u­lary only when we read so much on that topic or sub­ject. As we become more skilled and more expe­ri­enced, we gain more knowl­edge about that topic or in that field. When we are writ­ing tech­ni­cal papers then we need to first decide for whom we are writ­ing the arti­cle or paper and what is the level of under­stand­ing we are expect­ing from them. If we write a tech­ni­cal paper in a news paper, peo­ple who do gen­eral works and read news paper for gen­eral news can’t under­stand any­thing. If we need to use the words that may be unfa­mil­iar, then try to give an expla­na­tion of the words and their mean­ing in an eas­ily under­stand­able lan­guage. At the same time we should not patron­ize the peo­ple by using the words that they will find babyish.

How to improve vocabulary?

If we wish to improve and extend our active vocab­u­lary, it is very impor­tant that we should be able to look to words up. Good ref­er­ence books will make us to improve our vocab­u­lary. For this we need to dis­cover the exact mean­ing of the words, find a range of pos­si­ble words for a par­tic­u­lar sit­u­a­tion and learn about the usage of par­tic­u­lar words and besides all these we need to do much more. Some of the best ref­er­ences for devel­op­ing vocab­u­lary are dic­tio­nar­ies, the­sauruses, usage guides and other word books.

If you are fol­low­ing a dic­tio­nary then it is very impor­tant to select a good dic­tio­nary that gives more infor­ma­tion than oth­ers. How­ever for every­day use it is prob­a­bly rather more than we require, we need to get the dic­tio­nary that gives the suf­fi­cient infor­ma­tion that makes us easy to under­stand. But dic­tio­nar­ies can only tell the past events but they may not con­tain the lat­est words that are related to present tech­nol­ogy. So we need to buy the new ver­sion always.

We need to get the dic­tio­nar­ies that are hav­ing the usage of the words. This approach of defin­ing a word is most use­ful for those learn­ing a lan­guage. It is also use­ful when we want to move a word from pas­sive to active vocabulary.

The­saurus is another source of vocab­u­lary which con­tains words accord­ing to the themes and helps us to find the words that we are look­ing for through an index. But to find a word we need to have some skill and com­mit­ment. It con­sists of cer­tain occur­rences of the word in the main part of the thesaurus.

bookworm

Usage dic­tio­nar­ies are alpha­bet­i­cally arranged and these are almost like dic­tio­nar­ies. These pro­vide advices of the usage of the mat­ter, judg­ment and dif­fer­ent advices to get the cor­rect word. There are other kinds of books that are help­ful for spelling, subject-specific and usage through which we can eas­ily develop our vocabulary.

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