Archive for the ‘english in use’ Category

How to make group discussions?

Group dis­cus­sion is one of the best ways in devel­op­ing your lan­guage skills. Espe­cially for devel­op­ing speak­ing skills of Eng­lish, group dis­cus­sion helps very much. Group dis­cus­sion helps very much use­ful in effec­tive com­mu­ni­ca­tion with the peo­ple and if you are work­ing in a busi­ness envi­ron­ment then this skill is com­pul­sory in tak­ing the best deci­sions. Now a days this became one of the cru­cial part in get­ting a job. So let’s know some impor­tant points that help you in mak­ing pro­fes­sional group discussion.

There are cer­tain spe­cific para­me­ters on which the eval­u­a­tion takes place. They are:

  1. Con­tent
  2. Com­mu­ni­ca­tion
  3. Group behav­ior
  4. Lead­er­ship skills

Let us look at each issue separately.


Usu­ally the eval­u­a­tor will look at the level of our con­tent with the sub­ject or with the topic. It shows how well-read you are. Eval­u­a­tor will look at all your men-management skills, etc. will be of no use in an orga­ni­za­tion unless you are sound on sub­ject and knowl­edge. That is the rea­son for con­tent to become such an impor­tant aspect of the eval­u­a­tion process. It is very impor­tant for you to clearly dis­play your under­stand­ing of the issues per­tain­ing to the topic. The more valid points you make, the more marks you score.

The eval­u­a­tor expects that you should be able to add the over­all knowl­edge level of the group as a whole on account of the con­tri­bu­tions you make out of your knowl­edge bank. The group should gain from its inter­ac­tion with you because of what you have to con­tribute. It is very impor­tant for any can­di­date to under­stand that he\she has to come across as knowl­edge­able and well-read. Do not miss any oppor­tu­nity what­so­ever to exhibit your knowl­edge per­tains to the “what to say” aspect of the group discussion.

group dis­cus­sion


If the con­tent aspect cov­ers “what to say” in a group dis­cus­sion, com­mu­ni­ca­tion per­tains to “how to say it”. Com­mu­ni­ca­tion cov­ers what you want to say

  1. Cor­rectly con­vey­ing what you want to say
  2. Listening
  3. Lan­guage

The first aspect is to how you say what you want to say. A num­ber of times, we find that the lis­tener “under­stands” what we were say­ing very dif­fer­ently from what we are intended to con­vey. This only means that we have not been able to put across our ideas prop­erly and cor­rectly. There is a lot of scope for such com­mu­ni­ca­tion gaps in any com­mu­ni­ca­tion sit­u­a­tion. It is the respon­si­bil­ity of the speaker  to ensure that what he/she has been com­mu­ni­cated cor­rectly and under­stood the way it was expected to be under­stood. This aspect of com­mu­ni­ca­tion also includes your thought process and show­cases how you put your ideas.

Your com­mu­ni­ca­tion should be very effec­tive and it should con­vey the mes­sage that you are intended to con­vey. Your com­mu­ni­ca­tion should also be effi­cient. You should make your opin­ion or point in as few words as pos­si­ble. If you take too long to get to the point, some­one else would have started speak­ing before you can make your point.

How to Write Poetry?

At some point in time, most of us must come across verses which take our breath away. In these moments we pon­der about the beauty of the writ­ing because it plays with our imag­i­na­tion. How can a small heap of lines play with our mind, tran­scend­ing us sur­re­ally? If you have ever been touched by lines so deeply that they made you think about writ­ing poetry then you might find this post interesting.

Golden Rule:

There is no wrong poetry. There is no absolute advice to poetry. Every poet devel­ops his/her own flair over a period of time.

We will talk of very fun­da­men­tal nuances involved in poetry. I believe, this should help you kick start your jour­ney to infinite­ness, if you have already fid­dled with the idea of poem writing.

Poetry is gen­er­ally imag­i­na­tive writ­ing. It depicts the reflec­tion of reac­tions and emo­tions. Like most other form of writ­ten words, it is not restricted by bound­aries. It still main­tains a slight rigid­ity with respect to the plot, but that is mainly to avert the read­ers from oscil­lat­ing too much with imag­i­na­tions. Stim­u­lat­ing piece of poem writ­ing is honed over time. All you can bring into poetry is your un-blurred vision of a moment. The words would come with time. Remem­ber it always helps to have a first class, orig­i­nal, insight vision of a thought.


As you must have realised by now imag­i­na­tion is the foun­da­tion to poetry. If you are look­ing for inspi­ra­tion, you should be look­ing around you. There is no def­i­nite place to find inspi­ra­tion. It strikes you when you are least expect­ing it. But you should be ready to cap­ture it once it strikes you. If you are look­ing to pen down strik­ing notes, you should allow your­self to appre­ci­ate the beauty of an inspiration/imagination. If you let in other tasks to soak you up, the instant of pure magic will always remain clouded. Remem­ber you don’t live the same instance twice. Pen it down, keep a note of it.

Now that we lived the moment we would look at fur­ther steps to process it into a poem. A poem is always an individual’s per­spec­tive. A same scene can appeal to two dif­fer­ent indi­vid­u­als dif­fer­ently. It is always how it caters to your senses. It is almost guar­an­teed that a par­tic­u­lar thing would appeal to the five senses of dif­fer­ent per­sons dif­fer­ently. Draw strength from the fact that a reader is always eager to know what you felt. So use imagery. Express your feel­ings, not the bor­rowed feelings.

We will look at other ingre­di­ents of poetry in the next post.

Some more tips for essay writing

Before writ­ing, we need to remem­ber a fun­da­men­tal fact that essay writ­ing is also a skill that should be devel­oped like the skills of type­writ­ing, draw­ing, swim­ming etc. Hence it is a time-bounded activ­ity. Any stu­dent who expects him­self or her­self to become good at this skill in a short period of time should real­ize that he or she is unrea­son­ably ambitious.

Here are some good sug­ges­tions to be under­taken to become god at writ­ing skills. A dili­gent effort to prac­tice these on a reg­u­lar basis is strongly recommended.

essay writ­ing

Increase your knowledge:

It is very nec­es­sary that you equip with knowl­edge about the cur­rent affairs and cur­rent trends in the fields of social, eco­nomic, socio-economic and polit­i­cal sce­nario around you and in other areas. This can be devel­oped by read­ing news­pa­per daily and read­ing other mag­a­zine reg­u­larly. There are some mag­a­zines that are ded­i­cated to a par­tic­u­lar generic like “Busi­ness Today” which gives all infor­ma­tion about busi­ness. In the sim­i­lar way if you read more mag­a­zines you will get so much of knowl­edge. This infor­ma­tion that you gather also improves not only in writ­ing knowl­edge based essays but also non-knowledge based essays.

DOs and DONTs to improve clar­ity of ideas and make a bet­ter presentation:

• Iden­tify the key words in the topic and gen­er­ate ideas with their help. Let us see some examples:

“Anger is the best weapon to attain peace in the world”. The key words in this topic are ‘anger’, ‘weapon’ and ‘peace’.

• Make a frame­work of what you would like to write.

• Spend two to three min­utes think­ing about the given topic and note-down the points that you strike.

• Pri­or­i­tize the points and decide how you would orga­nize your essay.

• A good intro­duc­tion, a coher­ent mid­dle and a ratio­nal end­ing are a must and add so much value to the essay.

• Avoid the use of any sta­tis­ti­cal data, if you are not sure of its correctness.

• Do not use quo­ta­tions unless you are sure of the name of the author because the authors name should be men­tioned, if you quote his words. How­ever, there can be an excep­tion when quot­ing proverbs and axioms.

• In the case of essays on knowledge-based top­ics, use exam­ples as much as pos­si­ble and use from the cur­rent affairs, busi­ness exam­ples and other eco­nomic sit­u­a­tions or any­thing that is related to your topic so that it adds much clar­ity to the topic and makes your idea much clear. This also proves the eval­u­a­tor about your read­ing habits and apti­tude for that position.

• See to it that you are not car­ried away, when you ana­lyze the given topic.

• Be very prac­ti­cal and have bal­anced approach to the issue pre­sented in the essay topic. Being too crit­i­cal or too sup­port­ing is taken to be nar­row mind­ed­ness or uninformative.

Improve cor­rect­ness of the language:

Write at least one essay a day and once you are thor­ough with writ­ing essay, read the essay, prefer­ably with the mind of eval­u­a­tor. If may be your own essay but you will find some errors. Even if you are not able to find the error on your own then ask some­one to read your essay and their opin­ions on that essay. It will be very sym­bi­otic if your friend is also try­ing to improve essays writ­ing. After you real­ize the mis­takes, note down them and try to avoid those mis­takes. This makes you very con­fi­dent of your­self and makes you a

How to write an essay?

Apart from the clar­ity and con­text an equally impor­tant thing in proper choice of words grouped into sim­ple sen­tences that express what you want to tell with no scope of ambi­gu­ity and con­tra­dic­tion. Your con­tent and clar­ity of ideas should be sup­ported by the cor­rect­ness of the expres­sion. Let’s see some of the prob­lems that we face gen­er­ally regard­ing this.

essay writ­ing

Incli­na­tion to use high sound­ing words:

You may won­der that peo­ple with high vocab­u­lary face this kind of prob­lem. They grow some strong and irra­tional lik­ing for high sound­ing words and are under the impres­sion that the use of such words impresses the eval­u­a­tor. But the result is just the oppo­site. So try to use less high sound­ing words as possible.

Con­fus­ing or wrong references:

In terms of gram­mar this mis­take is the result of improper use of pro­nouns. It is one of the best prac­tices to read a book on com­mon mis­takes in Eng­lish and go through the rules and sen­tence cor­rec­tions as many as pos­si­ble before you write an essay.

Wrong use of verbs:

Wrong use of verbs in a sen­tence is one of the most com­mon mis­takes that peo­ple make that catches the atten­tion of the peo­ple who cor­rects. Chiefly there are two kinds of mis­takes that peo­ple make. They are agree­ment between the sub­ject and the verb of a sen­tence and mis­takes that are related to the proper use of the sequence of tense.

Wrong order of the words:

If you write sen­tences like, “the hunter with a long tail killed a tiger”, your essay is sure to tickle the per­son who eval­u­ates. But then, tick­ling the eval­u­a­tor obvi­ously is not the objec­tive of your essay. “The hunter killed a tiger with a long tail” is dif­fer­ent from “the hunter with a long tail killed a tiger”. The first sen­tence means that the hunter killed a tiger with a long tail but the sec­ond sen­tence means that the hunter killed a tiger by using the long tail as killing device or weapon. At the ear­li­est point of time, see if you are in the habit of writ­ing these kinds of sen­tences. Most of the time, one com­mits these kinds of mis­takes because of the neg­li­gence or lack of atten­tion. That’s why they almost always go unno­ticed. The best way to avoid these type of mis­takes is to edit the essay once you are through with it.

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