Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

In this arti­cle I shall give details about verbs and its kinds in terms of action. A verb is either an action or a word which tells the state of the sub­ject. You might have learnt that nam­ing words are Nouns and action words are Verbs in your high school. It is true par­tially as verbs also tell the state of the “subject”.

Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

Tran­si­tive and Intran­si­tive Verbs



Verb is derived from a Latin word named Ver­bum, mean­ing ‘a word’. It is the most crit­i­cal part of a sen­tence with­out which there won’t be any sen­tence. The other impor­tant one is ‘sub­ject’. A sen­tence can be formed by merely using these two words with­out any other parts of speech or objects.

E.g. Birds are fly­ing.
Birds – Sub­ject, are – help­ing verb, fly­ing – main verb. There is no object here.

Tran­si­tive verb: If an action is trans­ferred from sub­ject or doer to an object, then it is called as tran­si­tive verb.

E.g.: The boys are eat­ing piz­zas.
The verb ‘eat­ing’ con­nects the object ‘piz­zas’ and the sub­ject ‘boys’. It is show­ing the action being per­formed by the boys and how it is affect­ing the object.

Intran­si­tive verbs: If the verb doesn’t trans­fer any action from the doer or sub­ject to the object, it is known as intran­si­tive verb.

E.g.: The baby is sleep­ing.
The verb ‘sleep­ing’ is an action but it doesn’t trans­fer any­thing from the sub­ject. It just expresses the state or being.

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