Parts of speech

Before learn­ing Eng­lish we need to learn the basics of Eng­lish. The basic gram­mar of Eng­lish starts with the parts of speech. With­out know­ing parts of speech we can’t under­stand the Eng­lish gram­mar. So let us know about parts of speech.
As we know Sen­tences are divided into two parts basi­cally as sub­ject and pred­i­cate. In sim­i­lar man­ner Eng­lish words are clas­si­fied into dif­fer­ent parts of speech as fol­lows:
1. Noun
2. Pro­noun
3. Adjec­tive
4. Verb
5. Adverb
6. propo­si­tion
7. con­junc­tion
8. Inter­jec­tion
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Noun: A noun is basi­cally used as the name of a per­son, place, ani­mal, thing etc.
Ex: Harry, Hyder­abad, Tiger, Glass etc
Pro­noun: A Pro­noun is a word used instead of noun. Here we don’t men­tion explicit noun.
Ex: He, she, they, it etc.
Adjec­tive: An Adjec­tive is a word that qual­i­fies or describes either a noun or a pro­noun.
Ex: Our team played good game.
All these pro­pos­als are good

Verb: A verb will expresses what the sub­ject of a sen­tence does or has or what is done to it.
Ex: Dr.Rao teaches Eng­lish.
He has taught the sub­ject for twenty-five years.
She has a car
Note: Under­lined words in the above sen­tences are verbs.
Adverb: Adverb is a word that mod­i­fies an adjec­tive or a verb or another adverb.
Ex: I am deeply grate­ful to you for your timely help.
This horse runs very fast.
He read the pas­sage quickly.

Prepo­si­tion: A prepo­si­tion is a word used with a noun or a pro­noun to show how the per­son or thing denoted by the noun or pro­noun stands in rela­tion to some­thing else.
Ex: Work in the col­lege begins at 10a.m.
He wrote the doc­u­ment with a pen.
The pro­fes­sor gave a lec­ture on Elec­tro­mag­net­ism.
I washed my plate after I had lunch.
Note: The words under­lined above are prepo­si­tions.
Con­junc­tion: A con­junc­tion is basi­cally a word that joins words or phrases or sen­tences.
Ex: Delhi and Hyder­abad are densely pop­u­lated cities.
She must be either the pres­i­dent or the sec­re­tary of Y.C.A.
The pro­fes­sor read the essay and was impressed by it.
He is not only intel­li­gent but also indus­tri­ous.
Note: The words under­lined above are prepo­si­tions.
Inter­jec­tion: An Inter­jec­tion word which expresses a strong or sud­den feel­ing such as sur­prise, joy, fear, sor­row etc. Impor­tant thing is Inter­jec­tion is not gram­mat­i­cally con­nected with the rest of the sen­tences. In gen­eral, exclam­a­tory mark is kept after it.
Ex: Ah!, Hur­ray!, Well!, Oh!.
Alas! She is dead.
Hur­rah! We won the match.
Note: As words are divided into dif­fer­ent parts of speech mainly depend­ing on the work they do in the sen­tences, it is merely not pos­si­ble for any­one to say to which part of a sen­tence a word belongs unless and until we see what func­tion it per­forms in the sentence.

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