Concord — Consistency in gender, name, case, person

Eng­lish lan­guage is pecu­liar because when you write a sen­tence, you will not be able to real­ize that you have made a mis­take because when you read it casu­ally, it sounds like a cor­rect sen­tence. When you probe it care­fully, you can find a mis­take either in spelling, sen­tence for­ma­tion or in gram­mar. Of all these three, iden­ti­fy­ing an erro­neous gram­mar is tough is tricky because it has got many rules and excep­tions. In this arti­cle, we are going to talk about some of the com­mon gram­mat­i­cal errors that many of us make in day-to-day life.

Try to read the fol­low­ing sen­tence aloud

It is I who is relieved from the pain. 

When you read the above sen­tence, you don’t think that there is any error, do you? Even I didn’t real­ize that there is a gram­mat­i­cal error until I read it care­fully for sec­ond time. The sec­ond “is” is the rel­a­tive pro­noun in the above sen­tence must agree with the per­son “I” and num­ber of their antecedents. The rel­a­tive pro­noun of I is “am”. Hence the cor­rect form of the above sen­tence is

It is I who am relieved from the pain.

examples of concord

exam­ples of concord

To avoid these kinds of mis­takes, write sim­ple sen­tence like, I am relieved from the pain. This will avoid mak­ing of mis­takes. This error is known as gram­mat­i­cal agree­ment, “Con­cord” in tech­ni­cal terms. Con­cord: The rules of syn­tax that tells the linked nouns, pro­nouns to be con­sis­tent in gen­der, num­ber, case, person.

The fol­low­ing are some of the com­mon mis­takes made in Eng­lish gram­mar in the con­text of concord.

Mix­ing of sin­gu­lar and plural pro­nouns: Mix­ing of sin­gu­lar and plural expres­sions in a sen­tence is one of the pri­mary rea­sons for mak­ing gram­mat­i­cal mis­takes in sen­tence cre­ation. This hap­pens in var­i­ous parts of speech viz., nouns, pro­nouns, verbs, adjec­tives. Some sin­gu­lar words appear like plural words and we tend to use plural pronouns/verbs while con­struct­ing sen­tences with them. The below exam­ple will make it clear

  • Every­one played their role prop­erly in the skit (incor­rect)
  • Every­one played his or her role prop­erly in the skit (cor­rect)

Here every­one is a sin­gu­lar noun, hence the cor­re­spond­ing pro­noun also should be in sin­gu­lar form i.e., his/her not in plural form [them]. This is same in case of nouns like some­one, any­one, firm, com­pany etc.

Mix­ing of sin­gu­lar and plural adjec­tives: Read the below exam­ple to know the accep­tance between adjec­tives and noun.

  • I don’t eat those kind of apples (incor­rect)
  • I don’t eat that kind of apples (cor­rect)
  • I don’t eat those kinds of apples (cor­rect)

If sin­gu­lar, the noun kind needs to be qual­i­fied by the sin­gu­lar pos­ses­sive pro­noun that. If  plural, it needs the plural pro­noun those.

Read the fol­low­ing are exam­ples to under­stand con­cord con­cept more evidently

  • Nei­ther he nor I were there (incor­rect)
  • Nei­ther he nor I was there (cor­rect)
  • The idea of the mem­bers are not good (incor­rect)
  • The idea of the mem­bers is not good (cor­rect)
  • The ideas of the mem­bers are not good (cor­rect)
  • It is me who helped him (incor­rect)
  • It is I who helped him (cor­rect)

We hope you under­stood the cor­rect usage of nouns, pro­nouns, verbs, adjec­tives in a sen­tence. Still, if you have any doubt, please feel free to ask here.

Responses are currently closed, but you can trackback from your own site.

20 Responses to “Concord — Consistency in gender, name, case, person”

  1. David Machine says:

    I learned a lot from this post, great help for me, thank you!

  2. Hello Web­site Owner! I found your blog on Google and I really like it.

  3. Mandie Mermelstein says:

    hello,this arti­cle is great,I found it on bing and I appre­ci­ate it very much,I agree with you, lots of things will be learned form your site,but I am not follw well with the last part,can you explain it for me ?I need your answer,and I will be back again!

  4. Kelly Rolan says:

    Hello could I quote some of the insight from this entry if I link back to you?

  5. Else Alvelo says:

    Hey there, web­mas­ter, I really like your web­site a lot, but it appears to me you do not have much vis­i­tors to your web site. It’s strange given that I actu­ally notice you’ve every­thing build, you have infor­ma­tive con­tent and arti­cles, a good theme and all the things. There­fore you really only need a lot of web­site subscribers.

  6. Cristie Lofland says:

    You got a really use­ful blog I have been here read­ing for about an hour. I am a new­bie and your suc­cess is very much an inspi­ra­tion for me.

  7. 徵信社 says:

    It shows how well you under­stand this sub­ject. Book­marked this page,thanks god some­one that actu­ally knows what they are talk­ing about – thank you!2

  8. Writing an Article says:

    I found this arti­cle by search­ing on MSN for more details about this unique sub­ject. It truly is invari­ably fas­ci­nat­ing to learn to read an added twist. I am going to def­i­nitely pass this on.

  9. Robbix says:

    Thanks for the great post on your blog, it really gives me an insight on this topic.

  10. Hello! I was inter­ested to know if set­ting up a web­site such your own: http://beidaenglish.com/learn-english/concord-consistency-in-gender-name-case-person is chal­leng­ing to do for unskilled peo­ple? I’ve been hop­ing to develop my own blog for a while now but have been turned off mainly because I’ve always believed it demanded tons of work. What do you think? Appre­ci­ate it

  11. You have a great web­site! I would love to build back­links for you.

  12. hooher tod says:

    Yes there should real­ize the reader to RSS my feed to RSS com­men­tary, quite simply

  13. Nice blog right here! Also your site quite a bit up very fast! What web host are you the use of? Can I get your asso­ciate hyper­link on your host? I want my web site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  14. Here says:

    Please let me know if you’re look­ing for a author for your site. You have some really good posts and I think I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d really like to write some mate­r­ial for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please send me an e-mail if inter­ested. Kudos!

  15. Rayo says:

    Do you mind if I quote a cou­ple of your arti­cles as long as I pro­vide credit and sources back to your weblog? My web­site is in the exact same area of inter­est as yours and my vis­i­tors would gen­uinely ben­e­fit from a lot of the infor­ma­tion you present here. Please let me know if this ok with you. Many thanks!

Free Sprint Phones with Plans | Thanks to CD Rates, Conveyancing and Registry Software