Quora精选:学习时怎样做到心无旁骛?
作者:Quora用户|来源:Quora|2017年07月16日 00:45
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How can we completely concentrate while studying?
学习时如何才能做到全神贯注?

 

获得47.4k好评的回答@Eric Kaisen:

13 Things You MUST NOT Do to Concentrate Better Whilst You Study
想要更专心学习这13件事一定不能做

1. Focusing On Things Outside of Your Control
把注意力放在不能控制的事上

It’s one week until you’re final exam or test, you haven’t even looked at the material that’s covered yet. Oh god, stress overload. Why didn’t I start studying earlier?You need to FOCUS on what you CAN DO and take back control over the situation. You still got a week left to work with.
还有一周就要期末考试或测试了,备考的材料你还一眼都没看呢。哦天啊,压力山大了。我为什么就没有早点开始复习呢?你需要把注意力放在你能做的事上,重新掌控全局。你还有一周的时间可以去努力。

2. Approaching Study as a Chore
认为学习很烦

There’s a BIG difference between HAVING or WANTING to do something. Do you have to study? No. You WANT to study. No one is forcing you to study and even if they try, you ultimately have the choice as to whether you will study or not. When you approach studying as something you WANT to do it’s a very subtle change that has a profound impact on how well you study.
“不得不做”和“想做”有很大差别。学习是不得不做的事吗?不是,你想学习。没人逼你学习,即使有人想逼你,最终你还有选择学与不学的权利。当你把学习当成想做的事时,这种微妙的变化对你的学习成绩会有深远的影响。

3. Studying without Setting a Clear Goal
学习目标不明确

You need to know EXACTLY where you’re going and what you’re going to accomplish during your study session. And that brings us to our next point.
你要明确知道自己努力的方向和一阶段的学习目标,这样才能进入下一阶段。

4. Not Utilizing Different Study Methods and Tools
没有利用不同的学习方法和工具

Quizzing yourself and recalling answers is a great method for studying multi choice exams. Flash cards help tremendously with memorizing facts. Studying doesn’t ONLY mean reading text books, highlighting things, and re-reading your notes.
自测并回忆答案是多选题考试很好的复习方法,闪卡对记忆力也有巨大帮助。学习不只是读教材、划重点、复习笔记。

5. Copying How Other People Study
效仿他人的学习方法

Some people are ‘geniuses’ that can read something just once and remember everything they read. We all have unique strengths and weaknesses - your job is to figure out what yours lie. Are you more visual, auditory, or kinesthetic? If you find reading textbooks difficult, switch over to audio material by listening to lectures and finding videos online.
有些人天赋异禀,能过目不忘。我们都有独特的优势和不足,你需要做的就是弄清自己的优缺点。你是视力、听力还是运动能力更发达?如果你感觉读教材很难,就听有声材料,找网上的视频资料。

6. Studying at the Worst Time
状态最不好时学习

There are periods of time throughout the day when we’re MORE switched on, alert, and able to concentrate. You need to discover what the best times of the day are in order for you to concentrate.
一天中有些时间段我们的大脑更兴奋、思维更敏捷、更专心。你需要找到一天中学习效率最高的时间段,以便能集中注意力。

7. Setting Yourself Up for Failure in Bad Environments
让自己待在糟糕的环境里走向失败

Make sure when you study with others they’re serious about studying and aren’t there to just goof off and socialize. Also make sure you hide your phone out of sight and put it on airplane mode so you aren’t tempted by it.
你要确保和你一起学习的人是认真学习的,而不是去玩去交朋友的。你也一定要把手机藏在看不见的地方,设置成飞行模式你就不惦记了。

8. Studying like a Mad Man
像疯子一样学习

You need frequent breaks to be able to concentrate. By taking a mini break then coming back to study, you’ll ‘refresh’ your ability to concentrate. Make sure you get enough rest and that you sleep well.
你需要多休息才能集中精神,短暂休息过后再继续学习你就能再次专心了,你要保证有足够的休息和睡眠。

9. Finishing Study Sessions without Reflecting
只学习不反思

You should reflect to learn more about how you best study. You need to take note of what worked and what didn’t work throughout your study session so you can make use of that knowledge in the future.
你应该回想一下自己最好的学习状态。你需要记下学习期间什么方法有效,什么方法不起作用,以便以后能引以为鉴。

10. Misconstrued Views towards Study and Concentration
对学习和专心有误解

Studying and the ability to concentrate are SKILLS you should work on, hone, and craft over time. The ability to concentrate can be easily trained through meditation and other activities that require one to focus for a prolonged period of time.
学习和专注力是技能,需要时间去学习、研究、优化。专注力可以通过冥想或其他需要人在很长时间内集中注意力的活动来培养,这很容易。

11. Cutting Off Social Ties
切断与社会的联系

Meet up with friends that leave you feeling like you have even more energy. You can bring this energy back to studying and you’ll be able to concentrate easier.
要和那些能让你感觉重拾精力的朋友见面,你把这些精力重新投入到学习上就更容易专心了。

久坐

After you’ve spent a few hours studying take a longer break and go for a run, hit the gym, or play a sport with some friends. This WILL help you concentrate easier and allow you to study better.
学习几小时之后你要休息更长时间,出去跑跑步、去趟健身房、或者和朋友做做运动。这能帮你更容易地集中注意,也能学得更好。

13. Eating Junk Food
吃垃圾食品

What you put in is what you get out. It’s as simple as 1 + 1 = 2.
吃进去什么就排出来什么,就像1 + 1 = 2那么简单。

(翻译:菲菲)

声明:本双语文章的中文翻译系拉菲彩票娱乐平台原创内容,转载请注明出处。中文翻译仅代表译者个人观点,仅供参考。如有不妥之处,欢迎指正。

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