Posts Tagged ‘speech’

Figures of Speech

Fig­ures of speech is a means of express­ing ones thoughts and feel­ings by mak­ing use of words in their lit­eral mean­ing or even out of their usual usage, in order to add emo­tional inten­sity or beauty or for trans­fer­ring the poet’s impres­sions either by iden­ti­fy­ing or com­par­ing a thing with another which has a mean­ing that is famil­iar to its reader.
A few impor­tant fig­ures of speech include metaphor, sim­ile, per­son­i­fi­ca­tion, sym­bol and hyperbole.

Sim­ile: Sim­ile is a fig­ure of speech which is essen­tially used for com­par­ing explic­itly two unlike things. Usu­ally words like ‘as’, ‘then’ and ‘like’ are used.

Exam­ples: Her cheeks are like red roses.
It is as thick as the cloth

There are few sim­i­les in which a par­al­lel com­par­i­son is extended and devel­oped beyond the pri­mary com­par­i­son and are also usu­ally sus­tained through numer­ous lines. Such sim­i­les are known as Home­ric sim­i­les or epic similes.

figures of speech

fig­ures of speech

Metaphor: In these fig­ures of speech, a phrase or a word is used for denot­ing an idea or an object to another, fur­ther sug­gest­ing an anal­ogy or like­ness between them.

Exam­ples: Life is a jour­ney, death is sleep
Dif­fi­cul­ties are the obsta­cles and achieve­ments are the landmarks.

Usu­ally most of the metaphors are nouns; how­ever, verbs can be metaphor too.

Per­son­i­fi­ca­tion: It is a kind of metaphor in which the unique and pecu­liar human char­ac­ter­is­tics such as hon­esty, voli­tion and emo­tion and more, are imputed to an object, an ani­mal or an idea.

Exam­ples: My cell phone hates me
Flow­ers were danc­ing with the rain

Per­son­i­fi­ca­tion is com­monly used in apologues.

Hyper­bole (hi-PER-buh-lee):
Hyper­bole is a delib­er­ate and bold over­state­ment which is used basi­cally as a mode of accent­ing the truth of the bold state­ment. Usu­ally these sen­tences are not meant to be taken precisely

Exam­ples: His mobile phone is mil­lion years old.
She told him the same thing thou­sands of times.

Ady­na­ton is a kind of hyper­bole, in which the over­state­ment is so greatly mag­ni­fied that it starts refer­ring to impossibility.

Allit­er­a­tion:
Allit­er­a­tion is also known as ini­tial rhyme or head rhyme. It is the rep­e­ti­tion of prime sounds, gen­er­ally the con­so­nants, of a stressed word that is either at a short inter­val or is in neigh­bor­ing word.

Exam­ples: Mary’s micro­phones made much music.
Peter poked his pen into him.

Allit­er­a­tion pro­vides strength and sup­port to stresses, grat­i­fies effect on sound and also serves as an elu­sive con­nec­tion or stress of key words in a line, how­ever, a word that is allit­er­ated should not call any atten­tion, by their strained usage, towards themselves.

How to Overcome the Phobia of Learning English

Pho­bias are illog­i­cal feel­ings of fear or dread. In this case we con­sider the fear peo­ple have when it comes to learn­ing the Eng­lish lan­guage. Granted, there are some peo­ple who sim­ply con­sider them­selves inca­pable of learn­ing any for­eign lan­guages. Although this is, in fact, dis­putable given that every­one has the abil­ity to acquire lan­guage, it is true that learn­ing a lan­guage not native to you can be hard, and takes real ded­i­ca­tion. Most people’s hes­i­ta­tion towards learn­ing lan­guages stems from the fear of look­ing stu­pid in a class­room envi­ron­ment, or in public.

This pho­bia often seems to arise as a result of trau­matic school expe­ri­ences, where a lack of con­cen­tra­tion leads to humil­i­at­ing cir­cum­stances. Although these first expe­ri­ences of Eng­lish learn­ing may have been con­ducted in the wrong way, learn­ing a lan­guage will always throw up the same kind of chal­lenges when put into prac­tice. The trick is not to take them too seri­ously but to think of them as a curve that every pro­fi­cient Eng­lish lan­guage speaker goes through.

How to Overcome the Phobia of Learning English

How to Over­come the Pho­bia of Learn­ing English

Fear and embar­rass­ment in the fledg­ing lan­guage learner, is mostly trig­gered by;
• Bad pro­nun­ci­a­tion– No-one likes mak­ing sounds that seem unnat­ural to them espe­cially when they make you look like you have a speech imped­i­ment.
• Ask­ing an hon­est ques­tion but being baf­fled by the exten­sive reply that you receive or lin­ger­ing eye con­tact imply­ing an answer is required of you when you just don’t know what the ques­tion was!
• Using a wrong word for some­thing– par­tic­u­larly if it turns out to be rude.

The truth is that once you get far enough in the lan­guage learn­ing process, it becomes fun to com­mu­ni­cate in that lan­guage with­out such qualms. Cac­tus courses really help one to start, or re-ignite for­eign lan­guage skills. Self prac­tice or with a trusted friend also helps to sharpen lan­guage skills and with time the pho­bia leaves you with­out your knowledge!

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