Posts Tagged ‘Tenses’

Parts of Speech — Everything about Nouns

Nouns

Nouns

What is a noun?

All the nam­ing words used to name or label are known as Nouns. Every­thing is rep­re­sented by a name and that name is called as a noun. Nouns can be names for ani­mals, places, peo­ple, objects, mea­sures and actions.

Exam­ples: Alan (name of a per­son), Lion (name of an ani­mal), Lon­don (name of a place), table (name s an object), kind­ness (name of a qual­ity), inches (name of mea­sure­ment) and more

Types of nouns:

Proper noun: Proper nouns are proper or own names of peo­ple, things and places and usu­ally start with cap­i­tal let­ters.
For exam­ple: Africa, George, Michael and more.

Com­mon noun: Com­mon nouns are words used for class or used to refer a thing, per­son or place. They do not start with cap­i­tal let­ters like proper nouns
For exam­ple: book, car, man, town and more

Col­lec­tive nouns: Col­lec­tive nouns are words or names rep­re­sent­ing a group of peo­ple or to a col­lec­tion of things.
For exam­ple: Team, choir, shoal, jury and more.

Ver­bal nouns: Ver­bal nouns are usu­ally formed from verbs. They come under the cat­e­gory of com­mon nouns.
For exam­ple: swim­ming (this is the name of an activ­ity but it is derived from a verb i.e. to swim.

Com­pound nouns: Com­pounds nouns are those nouns that are com­posed of two or more than two words and are usu­ally hyphened.
For exam­ple: Board of mem­bers, Manser­vant, Mother-in-law.

Abstract noun: Abstract nouns are those nam­ing words that are used to refer to some ideas, or emo­tions, the ones that can­not be sensed and have no phys­i­cal exis­tence.
For exam­ple: Jus­tice, brav­ery, faith are all exam­ples of abstract nouns.

Con­crete noun: These types of nouns are oppo­site of Abstract nouns mean­ing name of things or peo­ple that can be expe­ri­enced or sensed are Con­crete nouns. Most of the nouns are usu­ally con­crete nouns
For exam­ple: dogs, cats, buses and more.

Kinds of Nouns

Every­thing about Nouns

Count­able and uncount­able nouns:

Count­able nouns are those nouns that can be eas­ily counted and have usu­ally two forms i.e. sin­gu­lar and plural.
For exam­ple: a book, an apple.

Uncount­able nouns are those nouns that one can­not count and usu­ally are in sin­gu­lar form, mean­ing they do not have an/a or any num­ber prior to them.
For exam­ple: work, water, sand and more.

Gerund noun: A gerund noun is one which is formed by adding –ing prior to a verb which can be fol­lowed either by an adjec­tive, prepo­si­tion or in cases even by another verb.
For exam­ple: walk­ing, swim­ming and more.

Tenses

Peo­ple make mis­takes in using the cor­rect verbs accord­ing to the sit­u­a­tion. This is one of the blun­ders that change the mean­ing of the mes­sage that we want to covey to the oth­ers. Usage of the verbs cor­rectly needs the knowl­edge of tenses cor­rectly. With­out know­ing the tenses and their usage we can’t use the verbs cor­rectly. So let’s learn how to use the tenses and verbs cor­rectly.
There are 3 kinds of tenses:
1. Present tense: To express the present activ­ity.
2. Past tense: To express the past activ­i­ties.
3. Future tense: To express the future activities.

Present tense:
In each tense we will have four dif­fer­ent kinds. They are sim­ple present, present con­tin­u­ous, present per­fect and present per­fect con­tin­u­ous.
Sim­ple present tense: we use this tense in the fol­low­ing sit­u­a­tions.
1. To tell the habit­ual activ­i­ties. E.g. He always eats food.
2. To express the con­stant things that we do. E.g. I like pop music.
3. To tell the uni­ver­sal facts. E.g. Sun rise in the east.
Present con­tin­u­ous: we use this tense to express the actions that were going on at this present time.
E.g. she is eat­ing food.
Present per­fect tense: We use this tense to express the action that com­pleted in the present time.
E.g. I have come just now.
E.g. He has paid the fee already.
Present per­fect con­tin­u­ous tense: We use this tense to express an action which started some­time in the past and con­tin­u­ing up to now.
E.g. We have been attend­ing for the spo­ken Eng­lish for the last ten days.

Past tense:
Sim­ple past tense: We use this tense to express the action that com­pleted in the past.
E.g. I saw a man one hour ago.
E.g. She received a let­ter yes­ter­day.
Past con­tin­u­ous tense: This tense is always used with sim­ple past tense to denote the action that was con­tin­u­ing in the past.
E.g. When I was going to col­lege, I saw a snake.
Past per­fect tense:
E.g. When two actions com­pleted in the past and the first com­pleted in the past per­fect and the next com­pleted in sim­ple past tense.

Future tense:
Sim­ple future tense: to express the activ­i­ties that we want to do in the future both fixed and not fixed.
E.g. He will come here tomor­row. (Not fixed)
E.g. He will be com­ing here tomor­row. (Fixed)
Future per­fect: to express the activ­i­ties that should be com­pleted in the past.
E.g. we will have com­pleted this course by the end of this month.
We have to decide the cor­rect usage of the above tenses accord­ing to the sit­u­a­tion. First we need to learn about these tenses then we can eas­ily know how to the verbs correctly.

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