Posts Tagged ‘words’

Confusing words part-1

There are so many words in Eng­lish which are very sim­i­lar and we often con­fuse and make some mis­takes which are some­times very seri­ous. So it is very impor­tant to know about the dif­fer­ence that these words and how they change the mean­ing by just chang­ing one or few let­ters of the word. It is very impor­tant to know these dif­fer­ences as there are so many words that are pro­nounced same but dif­fer in spelling.


  • Affect and effect: these two words are often con­fus­ing so many don’t know that dif­fer­ence between these two words. The word “Affect” is some­thing that occurs before and the result of that is “effect”. If some­thing affects us, it had an effect on us.
  • Amoral and immoral: Amoral means with­out morals and immoral is break­ing the moral code. For a baby, the wrong things they do are amoral but if a crim­i­nal does a wrong thing then he is immoral.
  • Adher­ence and adhe­sion: Adher­ence is giv­ing sup­port regard­ing a belief or opin­ion. Adhe­sion is phys­i­cal stick­ing of one thing to another. Gum has the prop­erty of adhesion.
  • Child­ish and child­like: “child­like” is an emo­tional neu­tral term which is praise. Child­ish on the other hand implies that the per­son is con­cerned about the knowl­edge of the per­son which has a pejo­ra­tive meaning.
  • Com­pli­ment and com­ple­ment: There is a small dif­fer­ence between these two words. “i” is replaced with “e” but this makes a large dif­fer­ence. Com­pli­ment is sim­i­lar to a com­mend or praise offi­cially. Com­ple­ment is to com­plete or fill. Adding a leader com­ple­ments the team.
  • Con­tin­u­ous, con­tigu­ous and con­ta­gious: Con­tin­u­ous is noth­ing but per­sist­ing in work or activ­ity. Con­tigu­ous is next or together in sequence. Con­ta­gious is spread­ing directly or indi­rectly. Exam­ple of con­tigu­ous is “Himalayas are con­tigu­ous moun­tains”. Exam­ple of con­ta­gious is “cholera is a con­ta­gious disease”.
  • Dis­creet and dis­crete: This is an impor­tant dif­fer­ence to iden­tify as they are pro­nounced sim­i­larly. Dis­crete is noth­ing but not con­tin­u­ous and occurs in cer­tain inter­vals. Dis­creet is used to refer to a per­son who keeps his work secret and doesn’t want to show or dis­play to the world and make every­one to know about what he is doing.

Learn Vocabulary — How to get a grip on English words

To get a good grip on vocab­u­lary we need to stock of the words that we have read and develop an action plan in order to retain those words in our minds. There are some tips through which we can retain the words better:


mas­ter the vocabulary

  • Take a pos­i­tive atti­tude in build­ing your vocab­u­lary: Remem­ber that most of the words that we learned are not used in gen­eral usage and there are a lot of words that we have seen only once and we feel some­what con­fused when we try to recall them. We have to make a bold effort to feel our­selves con­fi­dent and com­fort to the level of using them in gen­eral usage.
  • Use a good guide: Using a good guide like a good dic­tio­nary or good the­saurus or a good word list with more infor­ma­tion will make sure that we will not for­get them eas­ily as we form some rela­tion with the topic.
  • Remem­ber that we are hav­ing so much choice: when we are writ­ing we can replace most of the words with that of the vocab­u­lary words that we have learnt. Try to think of the words that are sim­ple to make them more accu­rate and more suit­able to the situation.
  • Think about the audi­ence skills and knowl­edge: As I men­tioned in the pre­vi­ous posts it is very impor­tant to com­mu­ni­cate on the basis of knowl­edge of the audi­ence. If we want the audi­ence to under­stand what we are try­ing to say they must have some knowl­edge about the sub­ject that we are speak­ing about. So try to use the words that are more under­stand­able to the audi­ence accord­ing to their level.
  • Infor­mal and for­mal: Try to use the words that are suit­able to the sit­u­a­tion. We have to use the words that are used for infor­mal com­mu­ni­ca­tion when we are tak­ing or com­mu­ni­cat­ing with the peo­ple we already know and use for­mal words or using euphemism or reduce taboo with the peo­ple who are new to us.
  • Avoid jar­gon: if we try to say about vir­tual mem­ory of deep com­puter tech­no­log­i­cal ideas to a per­son who works in a fac­tory, it is of no use and he can’t under­stand any­thing. So try to reduce the usage of the words related to jar­gon when we are com­mu­ni­cat­ing with nor­mal people.
  • Learn how to use the words in the sen­tences as much as pos­si­ble so that we can know when to use a par­tic­u­lar word exactly.
  • Play word games: play­ing word games will improve our vocab­u­lary very much and will be a very good enter­tain­ment ses­sion. These games bring a good grip of the words.
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